Sloppy work does not a good dissertation make. Before handing in your thesis, you have to make sure that all the small details are covered – like citations. APA is most popular in social sciences work. Here is what to look out for:
With in-text citations, the author’s last name should appear along with the date of publication. For instance, you can use this as an example: (Smith, 2000). The reference list at the end of the paper will have the complete reference that will detail the title, publisher, and place of publication.
Any source that is quoted in the text also has to appear in the reference list.
Any proper noun that appears in a citation has to begin with a capital letter. Within the title of a text, any word that has more than four letters begins with a capital letter. Any initial used in an author’s name should be in capital letters.
When a compound word is hyphenated, capital letters are used. For instance, in the compound word, Natural-Born both words are capitalized.
Use the name of the author in a signal phrase and then put the year of publication in brackets. Alternatively, put the name of the author, the year and the page all in brackets.
(Smith, 2008, p. 500)
With long quotations, instead of having the quote within a paragraph in the text, type it into a stand-alone block of text without quotation marks.
Paraphrases require only a reference to the author and year. No quotation marks are necessary.
Use both author’s names and put ‘and’ in between their names the first time you cite the book.
(Smith & Jones, 2008)
After that, you can use the first author’s name and then ‘et al.’ Notice there is no full stop after’ et.’
Should you cite two authors by the same author and published in the same year, then the first will be (a) and the second will be (b.) For example ‘2008a)
Name the organization in full when citing it for the first time. IN subsequent citations, an acronym will suffice.
Smith, A., Jones B. Title of Article. (Year) Periodical, Volume number, pages. URL.
At the end of the paper, there is a complete list of references which includes all the sources used. List them whether they are directly quoted in the text or not.