Methodology is an extremely vital part of any dissertation. However, methodology must not be confused with ‘methods.’ Methodology outlines the wider philosophical basis for the research methods chosen by you. Whether you are using quantitative or qualitative methods or a combination of both, methodology helps you identify that.
The foundation on which your research methods are based must be clearly identified and described. Conjectures and speculations have no place in writing methodology. It must be based on solid academic grounds.
If you are planning to submit the dissertation in parts or sections, you will most likely be submitting the methodology even before the commencement of the research. In that case, the section should clearly outline your plans.
Your methodology should be able to clearly explain the reasons behind incorporating certain methods. As abovementioned, there should be an academic basis for the choices you have made.
In case you are submitting your methodology in the form of a single thesis then it should clearly tell what exactly you did. It must also outline any refinements or modifications you made during the course of the work. Again, it is extremely crucial to base everything on the academic grounds with proper references to the source materials.
Interviews: It is a structured conversation between the researcher and the other person from whom the information is being sought. It is usually a guided exchange of dialogue between the two.
Observation: A simple observation over a period of time is sometimes the best way to collect the information. The information gathered could be both quantitative as well as qualitative.
Questionnaires: It is used to collect information from a number or group of people based on certain questions.